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Forward rate agreement (FRA) is an important tool in the world of finance and investments. It is a contract between two parties that specifies the interest rate to be paid on a future date for a certain amount of money. FRA allows investors to manage their risk and protect themselves against changes in interest rates.

To understand FRA, it is essential to know how to calculate it. In this article, we will discuss the calculation of FRA and the factors that impact it.

The calculation of FRA involves the following steps:

Step 1: Determine the notional amount

The notional amount is the principal amount on which the interest rate will be applied. It is the amount that the two parties agree to exchange at the future date. For example, if the notional amount is $100,000, the parties agree to exchange this amount on a future date.

Step 2: Determine the settlement date

The settlement date is the date on which the two parties will exchange the notional amount. It is also the date on which the interest rate will be applied. For example, if the settlement date is six months from now, the interest rate will be applied on that date.

Step 3: Determine the reference rate

The reference rate is the benchmark rate that will be used to calculate the interest rate. It is usually the LIBOR rate or the Euribor rate. The reference rate is determined by the currency and the term of the FRA. For example, if the FRA is in USD and for three months, the reference rate will be USD LIBOR for three months.

Step 4: Determine the FRA rate

The FRA rate is the rate that the two parties agree to exchange on the settlement date. It is determined by subtracting the reference rate from 100 and multiplying it by the notional amount. For example, if the reference rate is 1% and the FRA rate is 2%, the FRA rate is calculated as follows:

FRA rate = (100 – 1%) x $100,000 = $1,000

Step 5: Determine the settlement amount

The settlement amount is the amount that will be exchanged on the settlement date. It is calculated by multiplying the notional amount by the difference between the FRA rate and the reference rate, and dividing it by the number of days in the year. For example, if the settlement date is 180 days from now and there are 360 days in the year, the settlement amount is calculated as follows:

Settlement amount = ($100,000 x (2% – 1%)) / (360/180) = $500

Factors that impact FRA:

1. Interest rate volatility

The volatility of interest rates can impact the FRA rate. If interest rates are expected to be volatile, the FRA rate will be higher to compensate for the risk.

2. Time to settlement date

The time to settlement date can impact the FRA rate. If the settlement date is far in the future, the FRA rate will be higher to compensate for the uncertainty.

3. Notional amount

The notional amount can impact the FRA rate. If the notional amount is high, the FRA rate will be higher to compensate for the risk.

In conclusion, FRA is an essential tool in managing risk and protecting against changes in interest rates. The calculation of FRA involves determining the notional amount, settlement date, reference rate, FRA rate, and settlement amount. The factors that impact FRA include interest rate volatility, time to settlement date, and notional amount. As a professional, it is crucial to include relevant keywords, such as “forward rate agreement berechnung,” to make the article easily discoverable by readers seeking information on this topic.

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